Prospectus for the PhD Track in Religion and Science through the Graduate Division of Religious Studies at Boston University
(a.k.a. constantly updated, hyperlinked "Green Book")
Appendix A | Appendix B | Appendix C | Appendix D
Appendix A: List of Relevant Courses
Basic Background Courses
Science, Philosophy, and Religion Surveys
Philosophical Cosmology and Philosophy of Nature Courses
Philosophy of Religion Courses
History of Philosophy Courses
Philosophy of Science Courses
History of Science Courses
Multidisciplinary Application Courses
Appendix B: Additional Resource: Reading List in the History of Philosophy
Appendix C: Additional Resource: Other Philosophy of Religion Material
Encyclopedias, Dictionaries, Abstracts, and Bibliographies
Introductory Texts and Sourcebooks
Websties, Including Texts and Discussion Groups
Appendix D: Additional Resource: Core Literature of the Religion-Science Dialogue
- Core Texts and Motifs of World Religious Traditions (various faculty; taught every second year)
- Lab Placement and Lab Placement Seminar (taught as needed)
- Science Literacy (full-year course, taught every two years; Wildman)
- Scientific Approaches to Religion (taught every two years; Wildman)
- R&S: Cosmology, Biology, and Self-Organization (taught infrequently)
- R&S: Cognitive Science, Bioethics, and Environment (taught infrequently)
- Philosophical Cosmology (taught every second year; Neville)
- Western Philosophy in Theological Perspective (various faculty)
- There is an enormous number of them; far too many to list
- Again, there is an enormous number of them; far too many to list
- Philosophy of Science Survey (Bokulich; taught most years)
- Philosophy of Science Special Topics (Bokulic; taught most years)
- Christianity and Science, 1600-present (Roberts; taught almost every year)
- Religion and Evolution, Religion and Psychology (Roberts; taught periodically)
- Languages of Theology, Religion, and Mysticism (taught infrequently; Wildman)
- Medical Ethics (taught occasionally)
- Multidisciplinary Approach to Religious Experience (taught infrequently; Wildman)
(Compiled by David Weininger, 1999)
Plato. Euthyphro, Laws, Meno, Parmenides, Phaedo, Republic, Sophist, Theaetetus. (In The Collected Dialogues of Plato, ed. Edith Hamilton and Huntington Cairns.
Aristotle. Metaphysics, Nichomachean Ethics, On the Heavens, On the Soul, Physics, Prior and Posterior Analytics. (In The Collected Works of Aristotle, ed. Jonathan Barnes.)
Philo of Alexandria. Works (selections).
Chuang-Tzu. The Complete Works.
Sextus Empiricus. Outline of Scepticism.
Augustine. Confessions, On the Free Choice of the Will, City of God.
Samkara. Commentary on the Vedantasutras.
Saadia. Book of Beliefs and Opinions.
Ramanuja. Commentary on the Vedantasutras.
Al-Ghazali. The Ninety-Nine Names of God, Tahafut al-falasifa.
Maimonides. The Guide of the Perplexed.
Ibn-Rushd. Tahafut al-tahafut, On the Harmony of Philosophy and Religion.
Aquinas. Summa contra Gentiles, Summa Theologiae (selections).
Madhva. Commentary on the Vedantasutras.
Bacon. Essays in the Advancement of Learning.
Descartes. Discourse on Method, Meditations.
Spinoza. Ethics, Tractatus Theologico-Philosophicus.
Locke. Essay Concerning Human Understanding, The Reasonableness of Christianity.
Leibniz. Discourse on Metaphysics, Theodicy.
Butler. Analogy of Religion.
Berkeley. Treatise Concerning Human Knowledge, Three Dialogues.
Rousseau. Second Discourse, Emile.
Hume. Enquiries Concerning Human Understanding and Morals, Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.
Diderot. Selected Philosophical Writings.
Clarke. Demonstration of the Being and Attributes of Cod.
Mendelssohn. Philosophical Writings.
Kant. Critique of Pure Reason, Critique of Practical Reason, Critique of Judgment, Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone.
Herder. Against Pure Reason, Ideas on the Philosophy of the History of Mankind.
Fichte. Science of Knowledge, Critique of All Revelation.
Schelling. System of Transcendental Idealism, Of Human Freedom.
Hegel. Phenomenology of Spirit, Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion (1827 edition).
Lessing. Lessing’s Theological Writings.
Schleiermacher. On Religion.
Comte. Course in Positive Philosophy (selections).
Kierkegaard. Philosophical Fragments, Concluding Unscientific Postscript.
Feuerbach. Essence of Christianity, Principles of the Philosophy of the Future.
Mill. Utilitarianism, On Liberty.
Marx. Early Writings (selections), The German Ideology.
Schopenhauer. The World as Will and Representation, vol. 1.
Nietzsche. Beyond Good and Evil, The Genealogy of Morals, Thus Spoke Zarathustra.
James. The Will to Believe, Pragmatism, The Varieties of Religious Experience.
Bradley. Appearance and Reality.
Peirce. Philosophical Writings (selections).
McTaggart. Nature of Existence, Some Dogmas of Religion.
Husserl. Ideas Pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology and to a Phenomenological Philosophy, First Book.
Dewey. Experience and Nature.
Cohen. Religion of Reason out of the Sources of Judaism.
Whitehead. Process and Reality.
Royce. The Sources of Religious Insight, The Religious Aspect of Philosophy.
Santayana. Scepticism and Animal Faith, Interpretations of Poetry and Religion.
Rosenzweig. The Star of Redemption.
Heidegger. Being and Time.
Tillich. Writings in the Philosophy of Religion, Systematic Theology (3 vols).
Buber. I and Thou.
Wittgenstein. Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Philosophical Investigations.
Ryle. The Concept of Mind.
Austin. How to Do Things With Words.
Ayer. Language, Truth and Logic.
Merleau-Ponty. Phenomenology of Perception.
Gadamer. Truth and Method.
Selections from the following:
Chan, Wing-Tsit, ed. Source Book in Chinese Philosophy.
Gay, Peter, ed. Deism: An Anthology.
Hyman, Arthur, and Walsh, James, eds. Philosophy in the Middle Ages.
Kirk, G.S., and Raven, J.E, eds. The Presocratic Philosophers.
Long, A.A., ed. The Hellenistic Philosophers, vol. 1.
Radhakrishnan, Sarvepalli, and Moore, Charles eds. Sourcebook in Indian Philosophy.
(Compiled by David Weininger and Brad Herling, 1999)
American Journal of Theology and Philosophy
American Philosophical Quarterly
European Journal of Philosophy
Faith and Philosophy
Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal
History and Philosophy of Logic
Indian Journal of Philosophy
International Journal for the Philosophy of Religion
Journal of the American Academy of Religion
Journal of Applied Philosophy
Journal of Indian Philosophy
Journal of Philosophy
Journal of Philosophical Logic
Mind and Language
Philosophy East and West
The Philosophical Review
Philosophy and Literature
Philosophy of the Social Sciences
Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association
Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy
The Review of Metaphysics
A Concise Dictionary of Indian Philosophy, Ronald Grimes
The Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Macmillan and Free Press)
The HarperCollins Dictionary of Religion
Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Robin Le Poidevin, Arguing for Atheism: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion.
Ben-Ami Scharfstein, A Comparative History of World Philosophy.
American Philosophical Association
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Philosophy in Cyberspace
QandA List of Best Philosophy Resources
Sean's One-Stop Philosophy Stop
Stanford University Encyclopedia of Philosophy
University of Chicago Philosophy Project
University of Edinburgh Philosophy Survival Guide
Guide to Philosophy on the Internet
The religion-science dialogue is a large field of many specializations. Note that historically oriented science-and-religion literature on specific topics appeared in the history part of Exam 1. Similarly, philosophically oriented science-and-religion literature on specific topics appeared in the philosophy part of the same exam. That leaves especially the methodological works for this reading list, which are important and do not appear elsewhere. The literature is valuable despite debates over how to classify it. We distinguish four subsections of this literature as follows:
- D(i) Similarities & differences between science and religion
This category considers similarities and differences between methods, data, evidence, authority, truth claims.
- D(ii) Approaches to science and religion
This category recognizes how various disciplines try to address questions raised at the interface between science and religion. For example, how do the approaches of historical, anthropological, linguistic, and feminist analysis differ? How does the choice of a particular disciplinary approach affect the kinds of answers sought and found?
- D(iii) Schemas of science and religion relations
This category covers prominent typological models of science-religion interactions, such as those of Ian Barbour, Ted Peters, Mikael Stenmark.
- D(iv) Integrative methods
This category covers intellectual approaches arguing that the various sciences and theologies are species of a single form of inquiry and thus can be approached with a single, suitably general method, such as Nancey Murphy, Edward O. Wilson, Alfred North Whitehead, Charles Sanders Peirce.
Banner, Michael. The Justification of Science and the Rationality of Religious Belief. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. 34-95.
Barbour, Ian G. Myths, Models and Paradigms: A Comparative Study in Science and Religion. New York: Harper & Row, 1974. 171-81.
_____. Religion and Science: Historical and Contemporary Issues. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1997. 106-61, esp. 136, 158-59.
Clayton, Philip. Explanation from Physics to Theology: An Essay in Rationality and Religion. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1989. 18-22, 48-55.
Ferré, Frederick. Hellfire and Lightning Rods: Liberating Science, Technology, and Religion. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1993. 59-74.
Gilkey, Langdon. Nature, Reality, and the Sacred: The Nexus of Science and Religion. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993. 1-33.
Peacocke, Arthur. Theology for a Scientific Age: Being and Becoming—Natural, Divine, and Human. Enlarged edition. London: SCM Press Limited, 1993. 1-20.
Polkinghorne, John. One World: The Interaction of Science and Theology. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986. 65-77.
Richardson, W. Mark; and Wildman, Wesley J., eds. Religion and Science: History, Method, Dialogue. New York: Routledge, 1996. Part II.
Rolston, Holmes. Science and Religion: A Critical Survey. New York: Random House, 1987. 1-32.
Russell, Robert John; Murphy, Nancey; and Isham, C.J., eds. Quantum Cosmology and the Laws of Nature: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action. 2d edition. Vatican City State: Vatican Observatory Publications and Berkeley, CA: Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences, 1996 . 95-135.
_____; Stoeger, William R, S.J.; and Coyne, George V, S.J., eds. Physics, Philosophy and Theology: A Common Quest for Understanding. Vatican City State: Vatican Observatory Publications, 1988. 142-47, 173-80, 231-44.
Van Huyssteen, J. Wentzel, ed. Essays in Postfoundationalist Theology. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co, 1997. 55-72, 228-37, 263-65.
Suggestions for Further Reading
Hefner, Philip. The Human Factor: Evolution, Culture, and Religion. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1993.
Matthews, Clifford; and Varhese, Roy, eds. Cosmic Beginnings and Human Ends: Where Science and Religion Meet. LaSalle, IL: Open Court Press, 1995.
McMullin, Ernan. The Inference that Makes Science. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press, 1992.
Pannenberg, Wolfhart. Toward a Theology of Nature: Essays on Science and Faith. Ed. Ted Peters. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1993.
Pollard, William. Transcendence and Providence. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1987.
Polyani, Michael. Personal Knowledge. New York: Harper & Row, 1964.
Barbour, Ian G. Religion and Science: Historical and Contemporary Issues. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1997. 77-105.
Drees, Willem B. Religion, Science and Naturalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. 39-49, esp. 45.
Gregersen, Niels Henrik; and van Huyssteen, J. Wentzel, eds. Rethinking Theology and Science: Six Models for the Current Dialogue. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1998. 1-11.
Gerhart, Mary and; Russell, Allan M. Metaphoric Process: The Creation of Scientific and Religious Understanding. Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1984. 3-11, 85-94.
Haught, John F. Science and Religion: From Conflict to Conversation. New York: Paulist Press, 1995. 2-9, 202-3, esp. 9.
McGrath, A. E. Science and Religion: An Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell, 1999. 44-50.
Peters, Ted, ed. Science & Theology: The New Consonance. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1998. 11-22.
Russell, Robert John; Stoeger, William R, S.J.; and Coyne, George V, S.J., eds. Physics, Philosophy and Theology: A Common Quest for Understanding. Vatican City State: Vatican Observatory Publications, 1988. 21-48, 274-76.
Van Huyssteen, J. Wentzel. Theology and the Justification of Faith. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1989. 24-67.
Weinberg, Steven. Dreams of a Final Theory. New York: Pantheon Books, 1992. 241-61.
Suggestions for Further Reading
Ferre, Frederick. Hellfire and Lightning Rods: Liberating Science, Technology, and Religion. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1993.
Peacocke, Arthur, ed. The Sciences and Theology in the Twentieth Century. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1981. xiii-xv.
Santmire, Paul. The Travail of Nature. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1985.
Brooke, John; and Cantor, Geoffrey. Reconstructing Nature: The Engagement of Science and Religion. Edinburgh: T&T Clark Ltd., 1998. 15-37.
Haraway, Donna J. Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature. New York: Routledge, 1991. 1-4, 183-201.
Keller, Evelyn Fox. Refiguring Life: Metaphors of Twentieth-Century Biology. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995. 1-42.
_____; and Longino, Helen E., eds. Feminism and Science. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. Introduction, chapters 7, 9, 10, 15.
Knorr-Cetin, K. Epistemic Cultures: How the Sciences Make Knowledge. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999. 1-45, 246.
Laslett, Barbara, ed. Gender and Scientific Authority. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996. 1-18, 75-99, 364-90.
Lindberg, David C.; and Numbers, Ronald L., eds. God and Nature: Historical Essays on the Encounter between Christianity and Science. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986. 1-18.
MacCormac, E. A. Metaphor and Myth in Science and Religion. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1976. 135-57.
Rothbart, D. Explaining the Growth of Scientific Knowledge: Metaphors, Models, and Meanings. Edwin Mellon Press, 1997. 3-19.
Soskice, Janet Martin. Metaphor and Religious Language. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987 . 97-117.
Suggestions for Further Reading
Carson, R. A.; Rothstein, M. A.; and Bloom, F. E. Behavioral Genetics: The Clash of Culture and Biology. John Hopkins University Press, 1999.
Cole-Turner, Ronald. The New Genesis: Theology and the Genetic Revolution. Westminster John Knox Press, 1993.
Mariniello, S.; and Bove, P. A., eds. Gendered Agents: Women and Institutional Knowledge. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1998.
Peters, Ted. Playing God?: Genetic Determinism and Human Freedom. New York: Routledge, 1997.
Shinn, Roger. The New Genetics: Challenges for Science, Faith, and Politics. Moyer Bell Ltd, 1996.
UN Document A/RES/48/140. Human Rights and Scientific and Technological Progress. A Resolution Adopted by the UN General Assembly.
Barbour, Ian G. Religion and Science: Historical and Contemporary Issues. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1997. 284-90.
Delaney, C.F. Science, Knowledge, and Mind: A Study in the Philosophy of C.S. Peirce. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1993. 15-23, 41-5.
Drees, Willem B. Religion, Science and Naturalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. 6-36, 236-59.
Kornblith, H, ed. Naturalizing Epistemology, 2d edition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993. 1-30.
Kraus, Elizabeth M. The Metaphysics of Experience: A Companion to Whitehead’s Process and Reality. 2d edition. New York: Fordham University Press, 1998. 41-53.
Lakatos, Imre. “Falsification and the Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes,” in Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge, ed. Lakatos and Alan Musgrave. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970.
Murphy, Nancey. Theology in the Age of Scientific Reasoning. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1990. 58-61, 86, 157-73, 183-92, 197-98.
Neville, Robert C. The Highroad Around Modernism. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1992. 25-52.
Pannenberg, Wolfhart. Toward a Theology of Nature: Essays on Science and Faith. Ed. Ted Peters. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1993. 1-14.
Peirce, Charles S. “A Neglected Argument for the Reality of God,” in Charles S. Peirce: Selected Writings (Values in a Universe of Chance), ed. Philip P. Wiener. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1958.
Wilson, Edward O. Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge. New York: Vintage Books, 1999 . 27-34, 58-60, 72-93, 291-95.
Whitehead, Alfred North. Process and Reality: An Essay in Cosmology. New York: The Free Press, 1978 . 3-17.
_____. Science and the Modern World. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1967 . 19-39.
Suggestions for Further Reading
Almeder, R. F. Harmless Naturalism: The Limits of Science and the Nature of Philosophy. Open Court, 1998.
Barbour, Ian. Religion in an Age of Science: The Gifford Lectures. Vol. 1 (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1990), chapters 8 and 9.
Birch, Charles. A Purpose for Everything: Religion in a Postmodern Worldview. Mystic, CT: Twenty-Third Publications, 1990.
Hartshorne, Charles. Man’s Vision of God. Chicago: Willet Clark, 1941. chapter 5.
_____. The Logic of Perfection. LaSalle, IL: Open Court, 1962. chapter 7.
_____. Weiss, P.; and Burks, A., eds. Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1931-1958.
Oliver, Harold H. Relational Metaphysic. The Hague/Boston/London: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1981.
_____. Relatedness: Essays in Metaphysics and Theology. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1984.
Pannenberg, Wolfhart. Theology and the Philosophy of Science. Trans. Francis McDonagh Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1976.
Russell, Robert John; Stoeger, William R, S.J.; and Coyne, George V, S.J.; eds. Physics, Philosophy and Theology: A Common Quest for Understanding. Vatican City State: Vatican Observatory Publications, 1988. chapter by M. Heller.
Van Huyssteen, J. Wentzel. Essays in Postfoundationalist Theology. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co, 1997. Chapters 1 and 12.
Wilber, Ken. The Marriage of Sense and Soul: Integrating Science and Religion. New York: Random House, 1998.
Appendix A | Appendix B | Appendix C | Appendix D
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