Materials, Devices and Processes for Energy and Environmental Sustainability
Current Research Group
Research in Progress
Degrees Granted

List of
Patents Awarded
1. U. B. Pal and R. Snyder, “Low-Pressure Misting Jets,” US Patent No. 4,688,724. Issued Aug. 25, 1987.

2. W. F. Knauss, U. B. Pal and B. V. Patil, “Method of Making Steel,” US Patent No. 4,695,318. Issued Sept. 22, 1987.

3. U. B. Pal and W. F. Knauss, “Molten-Metal Taphole Design to Improve Yield and Cleanliness,” US Patent No. 4,733,853. Issued March 29, 1988.

4. U. B. Pal, S. C. Singhal, D. M. Moon and G. R. Folser, “Method of Doping Interconnections for Electrochemical Cells,” US Patent No. 4,895,576. Issued Jan. 23, 1990.

5. U. B. Pal, A. O. Isenberg and G. R. Folser, “Reaction-Bonded Interconnections for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” US Patent No. 5,089,689. Issued Jan. 14, 1992.

6. W. J. Dollard, G. R. Folser, U. B. Pal and S. C. Singhal, “Improvement in Solid Oxide Electrochemical Cell Fabrication Process,” US Patent No. 5,085,742. Issued Feb. 4, 1992.

7. V. L. Richard, U. B. Pal and S. C. Singhal, “A Tape Method of Forming a Thin Layer of Doped LaCrO3 Particles and of Bonding Such on an Electrode,” US Patent No. 5,132,352. Issued July 21, 1992.

8. U. B. Pal, K. C. Chou and S. Yuan, “A New Concept of Refining Molten Metals and Recovering Metals from Slags,” US Patent No. 5,312,525. Issued May 7, 1994.

9. U. B. Pal, G. K. Krishnamurthy and A. Hasham, “Process of Discharging Charge-Build Up in Slags During Steelmaking,” US Patent No. 5,314,524. Issued May 24, 1994.

10. U. B. Pal, K. C. Chou, S. Yuan and Z. Hasham, “Method for Refining Molten Metals and Recovering Metals from Slags,” US Patent No. 5,443,699. Issued Aug 22. 1995.

11. H. L. Tuller, S. A. Kramer, M. A. Spears and U. B. Pal, “Solid Electrolyte-Electrode System for an Electrochemical Cell,” US Patent No. 5,509,189. Issued April 23, 1996.

12. U. B. Pal, G. K. Krishnamurthy and A. Hasham, “Process for Improving Metal Production in Steelmaking Processes,” US Patent No. 5,527,374. Issued June 18, 1996.

13. U. B. Pal, H. Landes, and H. Greiner, “Process for Sealing High-Temperature Fuel Cells.” US Patent No. 5,532,071. Issued July 2, 1996.

14. U. B. Pal, K. C. Chou, S. Yuan and Z. Hasham, “Apparatus for Refining A Low Carbon Steel Melt,” US Patent No. 5,567,286. Issued October 22, 1996.

15. U. B. Pal and D. R. Sadoway, “Accelerated Decarburization of Fe-C Alloys,” US Patent No. 5,632,800. Issued May 27, 1997.

16. U. B. Pal and J. Szekely, "Method for Enhancing Reaction Rates in Metals Refining, Extraction and Recycling Operations," US Patent 5,700,308. Issued December 23, 1997.

17. U. B. Pal and S. Britten, “Novel Electrochemical Method for Metal Extraction From its Ores Utilizing Membranes,” US Patent No. 5,976,345. Issued Nov. 2, 1999.

18. U. B. Pal and S. Britten, "Method and Apparatus for Metals Extraction," US Patent No. 6,299,742, Issued October 9, 2001.

19. Srikanth Gopalan and Uday B. Pal, "Hydrogen Separation Using Oxygen-Ion-Electron Mixed Conducting Memebranes," US Patent No. 7,393,384, July 1, 2008.

20. Donald Seccombe, Gary. A. Orbeck, Jr., Srikanth Gopalan, and Uday B. Pal, "Process for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Manufacture," US Patent 7,485,385, February 3, 2009.

21. S.Gopalan, U.B.Pal, A.Karthikeyan, and H.Cui, " Composite Mixed Oxide Ionic and Electronic Conductors for Hydrogen Separation", U.S.Patent 7,588,626, September 15, 2009.

22. U.B. Pal, "Oxygen-Producing Inert Anodes for SOM Process," U.S. Patent 8,658,007, February 25, 2014.

23. U.B. Pal and S. Gopalan, "Waste to Hydrogen Conversion and Related Apparatus," U.S. Patent No. 8,758,949, June 24, 2014.

24. A.C Powell, S. Pati, U.B. Pal, S.J. Derezinski, S.R. Tucker, "Liquid anodes and fuels for production of metals from their oxides by molten salt electrolysis with a solid electrolyte," US Patent 9,206,516, December 8, 2015

25. Adam Clayton Powell IV, PATI Soobhankar, Stephen Joseph Derezinski, Garrett Lau, Uday B Pal, Xiaofei Guan, Srikanth Gopalan, "Conductor of high electrical current at high temperature in oxygen and liquid metal environment", US Patent 9,234,288, January 12, 2016

26. U.B. Pal and S. Gopalan, “System and method for energy storage and recovery,” U.S. Patent No. 9,979,038, May 22, 2018.