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MEMS-based Terahertz Metamaterial Structures and Devices

Representative Publications (#denotes graduate students/postdocs supervised by X. Zhang; *denotes corresponding author by X. Zhang; +denotes contributed equally.)

B. Pein, W. Chang, H.Y. Hwang#, J.M. Scherer, I. Coropceanu, X. Zhao#, X. Zhang, V. Bulovic, M.G. Bawendi, K.A. Nelson, "Terahertz-Driven Luminescence and Colossal Stark Effect in CdSe:CdS Colloidal Quantum Dots," Nano Letters, 2017, 17(9): 5375-5380. [DOI]

M. Wu#+, X. Zhao#+, J. Zhang, K. Cremin, J. Schalch, G. Duan#, R.D. Averitt*, X. Zhang*, "A Three-Dimensional All-Metal Terahertz Metamaterial Perfect Absorber," Applied Physics Letters, 2017, 111(5): 051101(5pp). [DOI]

G.R. Keiser, J. Zhang, X. Zhao#, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Terahertz Saturable Absorption in Superconducting Metamaterials," Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 2016, 33(12): 2649-2655. [DOI]

Y. Wang#, X. Zhao#, G. Duan#, X. Zhang*, "Broadband Extraordinary Terahertz Transmission through Super-aligned Carbon Nanotubes Film," Optics Express, 2016, 24(14): 15730-15741. [DOI]

X. Zhao#, K. Fan#, J. Zhang, G.R. Keiser, G. Duan#, R.D. Averitt*, X. Zhang*, "Voltage-Tunable Dual-Layer Terahertz Metamaterials," Microsystems & Nanoengineering - Nature, 2016, 2: 16025(8pp). [DOI; Featured Article]

X. Zhao#+, J. Zhang+, K. Fan#, G. Duan#, G.D. Metcalfe, M. Wraback, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Nonlinear Terahertz Metamaterial Perfect Absorbers Using GaAs," Photonics Research, 2016, 4(3): A16-A21. [DOI]

H.R. Seren#, J. Zhang, G.R. Keiser, S.J. Maddox, X. Zhao#, K. Fan#, S.R. Bank, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Nonlinear Terahertz Devices Utilizing Semiconducting Plasmonic Metamaterials," Light: Science & Applications - Nature, 2016, 5: 16078(7pp). [DOI]

Y. Wang#, Y. Tong, X. Zhang*, "Transmission Properties of Terahertz Waves through Asymmetric Rectangular Aperture Arrays on Carbon Nanotube Films," AIP Advances, 2016, 6(4): 045304(7pp). [DOI]

M. Liu, K. Fan#, W.J. Padilla, D.A. Powell, X. Zhang, I.V. Shadrivov, "Tunable Meta-Liquid Crystals," Advanced Materials, 2016, 28(8): 1553-1558. [DOI; Cover Image]

J. Zhang+, X. Zhao#+, K. Fan#, X. Wang#, G-F Zhang, K. Geng, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Terahertz Radiation-Induced Sub-Cycle Field Electron Emission Across a Split-Gap Dipole Antenna," Applied Physics Letters, 2015, 107(23): 231101(4pp). [DOI; Cover Image]

H.Y. Hwang#, S. Fleischer, N.C. Brandt, B.G. Perkins, M.C. Hoffmann, M. Liu, K. Fan#, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R.D. Averitt, K.A. Nelson, "A Review of Non-Linear Terahertz Spectroscopy with Ultrashort Tabletop-Laser Pulses," Journal of Modern Optics, 2015, 62(18): 1447-1479. [DOI]

X. Zhao#, K. Fan#, J. Zhang, H.R. Seren#, G.D. Metcalfe, M. Wraback, R.D. Averitt*, X. Zhang*, "Optically Tunable Metamaterial Perfect Absorber on Highly Flexible Substrate," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2015, 231: 74-80. [DOI]

S.M. Teo, C.A. Werley, C. Wang#, K. Fan#, B.K. Ofori-Okai, X. Zhang, R.D. Averitt, K.A. Nelson, "Visualization of Guided and Leaky Wave Behaviors in an Indium Tin Oxide Metallic Slab Waveguide," Optics Express, 2015, 23(11): 14876-14896. [DOI]

H.R. Seren#, G.R. Keiser, L. Cao, J. Zhang, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, G.D. Metcalfe, M. Wraback, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Optically Modulated Multiband Terahertz Perfect Absorber," Advanced Optical Materials, 2014, 2(12): 1221-1226. [DOI]

G.R. Keiser, H.R. Seren#, A.C. Strikwerda, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Structural Control of Metamaterial Oscillator Strength and Electric Field Enhancement at Terahertz Frequencies," Applied Physics Letters, 2014, 105(8): 081112(5pp). [DOI]

K. Fan#, X. Zhao#, J. Zhang, G.R. Keiser, H.R. Seren#, G.D. Metcalfe, M. Wraback, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Optically Tunable Terahertz Metamaterials on Highly Flexible Substrates," IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology, 2013, 3(6): 702-708. [DOI]

G.R. Keiser, K. Fan#, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Towards Dynamic, Tunable, and Nonlinear Metamaterials via Near Field Interactions: A Review," Journal of Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, 2013, 34(11): 709-723. [DOI]

G.R. Keiser, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, V. Young, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Decoupling Crossover in Asymmetric Broadside Coupled Split Ring Resonators at Terahertz Frequencies," Physical Review B, 2013, 88(2): 024101(5pp). [DOI]

K. Fan#, H.Y. Hwang#, M. Liu, A.C. Strikwerda, A. Sternbach, J. Zhang, X. Zhao#, X. Zhang, K.A. Nelson, R.D. Averitt, "Nonlinear Terahertz Metamaterials via Field-Enhanced Carrier Dynamics in GaAs," Physical Review Letters, 2013, 110(21): 217404(5pp). [DOI]

K. Fan#, A.C. Strikwerda, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Three-Dimensional Broadband Tunable Terahertz Metamaterials," Physical Review B - Rapid Communications, 2013, 87(16): 161104(4pp). [DOI; Kaleidoscope]

M. Liu+, H.Y. Hwang#+, H. Tao#, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, G.R. Keiser, A.J. Sternbach, K.G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S.A. Wolf, F.G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K.A. Nelson, R.D. Averitt, "Terahertz-Field-Induced Insulator-to-Metal Transition in Vanadium Dioxide Metamaterial," Nature, 2012, 487(7407): 345-348. [DOI]

N. Kumar, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, X. Zhang, R.D. Averitt, P.C.M. Planken, A.J.L. Adam, "THz Near-Field Faraday Imaging in Hybrid Metamaterials," Optics Express, 2012, 20(10): 11277-11287. [DOI]

C.A. Werley, K. Fan#, A.C. Strikwerda, S.M. Teo, X. Zhang, R.D. Averitt, K.A. Nelson, "Time-Resolved Imaging of Near-Fields in THz Antennas and Direct Quantitative Measurement of Field Enhancements," Optics Express, 2012, 20(8): 8551-8567. [DOI]

K. Fan#, A.C. Strikwerda, R.D. Averitt*, X. Zhang*, "Three-Dimensional Magnetic Terahertz Metamaterials Using a Multilayer Electroplating Technique," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2012, 22(4): 045011(9pp). [DOI; Cover Image]

W.-C. Chen, A. Totachawattana, K. Fan#, J.L. Ponsetto, A.C. Strikwerda, X. Zhang, R.D. Averitt, W.J. Padilla, "Single-Layer Terahertz Metamaterials with Bulk Optical Constants," Physical Review B, 2012, 85(3): 035112(6pp). [DOI]

K. Iwaszczuk, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, X. Zhang, R.D. Averitt, P. Uhd Jepsen, "Flexible Metamaterial Absorbers for Stealth Applications at Terahertz Frequencies," Optics Express, 2012, 20(1): 635-643. [DOI]

Y. Minowa, M. Nagai, H. Tao#, K. Fan#, A.C. Strikwerda, X. Zhang, R.D. Averitt, K. Tanaka, "Extremely Thin Metamaterial as Slab Waveguide at Terahertz Frequencies," IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology, 2011, 1(2): 441-449. [DOI]

H. Tao#, E.A. Kadlec, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, W.J. Padilla, R.D. Averitt, E.A. Shaner, X. Zhang*, "Microwave and Terahertz Wave Sensing with Metamaterials," Optics Express, 2011, 19(22): 21620-21626. [DOI; Highlight in Science]

A.C. Strikwerda, R.D. Averitt*, K. Fan#, X. Zhang*, G.D. Metcalfe, M. Wraback*, "Electromagnetic Composite-Based Reflecting Terahertz Waveplates," International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems, 2011, 20(3): 583-588. [DOI]

H. Tao#, L. Chieffo, M.A. Brenckle, S.M. Siebert, M. Liu, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, D.L. Kaplan, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, F.G. Omenetto*, "Metamaterials on Paper as a Sensing Platform," Advanced Materials, 2011, 23(28): 3197-3201. [DOI]

K. Fan#, A.C. Strikwerda, H. Tao#, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Stand-Up Magnetic Metamaterials at Terahertz Frequencies," Optics Express, 2011, 19(13): 12619-12627. [DOI]

E. Ekmekci, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, G. Keiser, X. Zhang, G. Turhan-Sayan, R.D. Averitt, "Frequency Tunable Terahertz Metamaterials Using Broadside Coupled Split-Ring Resonators," Physical Review B, 2011, 83(19): 193103(4pp). [DOI]

H. Tao#, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, W.J. Padilla, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "MEMS Based Structurally Tunable Metamaterials at Terahertz Frequencies," Journal of Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, 2011, 32(5): 580-595. [DOI]

H. Tao#, W.J. Padilla, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Recent Progress in Electromagnetic Metamaterial Devices for Terahertz Applications," IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 2011, 17(1): 92-101. [DOI]

H. Tao#, A.C. Strikwerda, M. Liu, J.P. Mondia, E. Ekmekci, K. Fan#, D.L. Kaplan, W.J. Padilla, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, F.G. Omenetto*, "Performance Enhancement of Terahertz Metamaterials on Ultrathin Substrates for Sensing Applications," Applied Physics Letters, 2010, 97(26): 261909(3pp). [DOI]

H. Tao#, C.M. Bingham, D.V. Pilon, K. Fan#, A.C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W.J. Padilla, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "A Dual Band Terahertz Metamaterial Absorber," Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 2010, 43(22): 225102(5pp). [DOI]

H. Tao#, J.J. Amsden, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, D.L. Kaplan, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, F.G. Omenetto*, "Metamaterial Silk Composites at Terahertz Frequencies," Advanced Materials, 2010, 22(32): 3527-3531. [DOI; Cover Image]

H. Tao#, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, W.J. Padilla, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Reconfigurable Terahertz Metamaterials," Physical Review Letters, 2009, 103(14): 147401(4pp). [DOI]

A.C. Strikwerda+, K. Fan#+, H. Tao#, D.V. Pilon, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Comparison of Birefringent Electric Split-Ring Resonator and Meanderline Structure as Quarter-Wave Plates at Terahertz Frequencies," Optics Express, 2009, 17(1): 136-149. [DOI]

H. Tao#, C.M. Bingham, A.C. Strikwerda, D.V. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N.I. Landy, K. Fan#, X. Zhang*, W.J. Padilla, R.D. Averitt*, "Highly Flexible Wide Angle of Incidence Terahertz Metamaterial Absorber: Design, Fabrication, and Characterization," Physical Review B - Rapid Communications, 2008, 78(24): 241103(4pp). [DOI]

H. Tao#, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, C.M. Bingham, W.J. Padilla, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Terahertz Metamaterials on Free-Standing Highly-Flexible Polyimide Substrates," Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 2008, 41(23): 232004(5pp). [DOI]

C.M. Bingham, H. Tao#, X. Liu, R.D. Averitt, X. Zhang, W.J. Padilla, "Planar Wallpaper Group Metamaterials for Novel Terahertz Applications," Optics Express, 2008, 16(23): 18565-18575. [DOI; Highlight in Nature; Highlight in MRS Bulletin]

H. Tao#+, N.I. Landy+, C.M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R.D. Averitt, W.J. Padilla, "A Metamaterial Absorber for the Terahertz Regime: Design, Fabrication and Characterization," Optics Express, 2008, 16(10): 7181-7188. [DOI; Highlight by Sicience; Highlight in Nature]

Ph.D. Dissertations

Xiaoguang Zhao, "Active Metamaterial Devices at Terahertz Frequencies," Ph.D. Dissertation, Boston University. (Advisor: Xin Zhang; September 2016)

Huseyin Seren, "Optically Controlled Metamaterial Absorbers in the Terahertz Regime," Ph.D. Dissertation, Boston University. (Advisor: Xin Zhang; September 2014)

Kebin Fan, "Three-Dimensional and Nonlinear Metamaterials at Terahertz Frequencies," Ph.D. Dissertation, Boston University. (Advisor: Xin Zhang; May 2012)

Hu Tao, "MEMS Enhanced Metamaterials: Towards Filling the Terahertz Gap," Ph.D. Dissertation, Boston University. (Advisor: Xin Zhang; May 2010)

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