>> Zhang Lab: Publications (homepage)

Thanks for your interest in our work. Most of our recent papers have been linked to the web page of the corresponding journals. You should be able to download them directly if you or your institute have electronic access to these journals. You can also see publication list at the following two sites, namely: Google Scholar; ORCID

Archival Journal Publications (#denotes graduate students/postdocs supervised by X. Zhang; *denotes corresponding author by X. Zhang; +denotes contributed equally.)

[140]. Y. Wang#, G. Duan#, L. Zhang, L. Ma, X. Zhao#, X. Zhang*, "Terahertz Dispersion Characteristics of Super-aligned Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes and Enhanced Transmission through Subwavelength Apertures," Scientific Reports - Nature, 2017.

[139]. D.W. Sutherland#, X. Zhang, J.L. Charest, "Water Infused Surface Protection as an Active Mechanism for Fibrin Sheath Prevention in Central Venous Catheters," Artificial Organs, 2017. DOI: 10.1111/aor.12916 [DOI]

[138]. G. Duan#, X. Zhao#, X. Zhang*, "A Magnetically Coupled Communication and Charging Platform for Microsensors," Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 2017, 26(5): 1099-1109. [DOI]

[137]. B. Pein, W. Chang, H.Y. Hwang#, J.M. Scherer, I. Coropceanu, X. Zhao#, X. Zhang, V. Bulovic, M.G. Bawendi, K.A. Nelson, "Terahertz-Driven Luminescence and Colossal Stark Effect in CdSe:CdS Colloidal Quantum Dots," Nano Letters, 2017, 17(9): 5375-5380. [DOI]

[136]. M. Wu#+, X. Zhao#+, J. Zhang, K. Cremin, J. Schalch, G. Duan#, R.D. Averitt*, X. Zhang*, "A Three-Dimensional All-Metal Terahertz Metamaterial Perfect Absorber," Applied Physics Letters, 2017, 111(5): 051101(5pp). [DOI]

[135]. A. Li#, W. Zhang#, R. Ghaffarivardavagh#, X. Wang#, S.W. Anderson, X. Zhang*, "Towards Uniformly Oriented Diatom Frustule Monolayers: Experimental and Theoretical Analyses," Microsystems & Nanoengineering - Nature, 2016, 2: 16064(11pp). [DOI; Featured Article]

[134]. G.R. Keiser, J. Zhang, X. Zhao#, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Terahertz Saturable Absorption in Superconducting Metamaterials," Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 2016, 33(12): 2649-2655. [DOI]

[133]. G. Duan#, X. Zhao#, H.R. Seren#, C. Chen#, A. Li#, X. Zhang*, "Microfluidic Channel-based Wireless Charging and Communication Platform for Microsensors with Miniaturized Onboard Antenna," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2016, 26(12): 124002(8pp). [DOI]

[132]. Y. Wang#, X. Zhao#, G. Duan#, X. Zhang*, "Broadband Extraordinary Terahertz Transmission through Super-aligned Carbon Nanotubes Film," Optics Express, 2016, 24(14): 15730-15741. [DOI]

[131]. X. Zhao#, K. Fan#, J. Zhang, G.R. Keiser, G. Duan#, R.D. Averitt*, X. Zhang*, "Voltage-Tunable Dual-Layer Terahertz Metamaterials," Microsystems & Nanoengineering - Nature, 2016, 2: 16025(8pp). [DOI; Featured Article; Cover Image]

[130]. X. Zhao#+, J. Zhang+, K. Fan#, G. Duan#, G.D. Metcalfe, M. Wraback, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Nonlinear Terahertz Metamaterial Perfect Absorbers Using GaAs," Photonics Research, 2016, 4(3): A16-A21. [DOI]

[129]. H.R. Seren#, J. Zhang, G.R. Keiser, S.J. Maddox, X. Zhao#, K. Fan#, S.R. Bank, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Nonlinear Terahertz Devices Utilizing Semiconducting Plasmonic Metamaterials," Light: Science & Applications - Nature, 2016, 5: 16078(7pp). [DOI]

[128]. Y. Wang#, Y. Tong, X. Zhang*, "Transmission Properties of Terahertz Waves through Asymmetric Rectangular Aperture Arrays on Carbon Nanotube Films," AIP Advances, 2016, 6(4): 045304(7pp). [DOI]

[127]. M. Liu, K. Fan#, W.J. Padilla, D.A. Powell, X. Zhang, I.V. Shadrivov, "Tunable Meta-Liquid Crystals," Advanced Materials, 2016, 28(8): 1553-1558. [DOI; Cover Image]

[126]. J. Zhang+, X. Zhao#+, K. Fan#, X. Wang#, G-F Zhang, K. Geng, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Terahertz Radiation-Induced Sub-Cycle Field Electron Emission Across a Split-Gap Dipole Antenna," Applied Physics Letters, 2015, 107(23): 231101(4pp). [DOI; Cover Image]

[125]. J. Cai#, X. Wang#, A. Li#, S.W. Anderson, X. Zhang*, "Biologically Enabled Micro- and Nanostencil Lithography Using Diatoms," Extreme Mechanics Letters, 2015, 4: 186-192. [DOI; Cover Image]

[124]. H.Y. Hwang#, S. Fleischer, N.C. Brandt, B.G. Perkins, M.C. Hoffmann, M. Liu, K. Fan#, A. Sternbach, X. Zhang, R.D. Averitt, K.A. Nelson, "A Review of Non-Linear Terahertz Spectroscopy with Ultrashort Tabletop-Laser Pulses," Journal of Modern Optics, 2015, 62(18): 1447-1479. [DOI]

[123]. X. Zhao#, K. Fan#, J. Zhang, H.R. Seren#, G.D. Metcalfe, M. Wraback, R.D. Averitt*, X. Zhang*, "Optically Tunable Metamaterial Perfect Absorber on Highly Flexible Substrate," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2015, 231: 74-80. [DOI]

[122]. S.M. Teo, C.A. Werley, C. Wang#, K. Fan#, B.K. Ofori-Okai, X. Zhang, R.D. Averitt, K.A. Nelson, "Visualization of Guided and Leaky Wave Behaviors in an Indium Tin Oxide Metallic Slab Waveguide," Optics Express, 2015, 23(11): 14876-14896. [DOI]

[121]. Y. Qiu#, A.F. Bayomy, M.V. Gomez, M. Bauer, P. Du#, Y. Yang, X. Zhang, R. Liao, "A Role for Matrix Stiffness in the Regulation of Cardiac Side Population Cell Function," AJP-Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 2015, 308(9): H990-H997. [DOI]

[120]. H.R. Seren#, X. Zhao#, C. Chen#, C. Wang#, X. Zhang*, "Enabling a Microfluidic RFID Readout System via Miniaturization and Integration," Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 2015, 24(2): 395-403. [DOI]

[119]. H.R. Seren#, G.R. Keiser, L. Cao, J. Zhang, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, G.D. Metcalfe, M. Wraback, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Optically Modulated Multiband Terahertz Perfect Absorber," Advanced Optical Materials, 2014, 2(12): 1221-1226. [DOI]

[118]. G.R. Keiser, H.R. Seren#, A.C. Strikwerda, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Structural Control of Metamaterial Oscillator Strength and Electric Field Enhancement at Terahertz Frequencies," Applied Physics Letters, 2014, 105(8): 081112(5pp). [DOI]

[117]. F. Zhang#, S.W. Anderson, X. Zheng#, E. Roberts#, Y. Qiu#, R. Liao, X. Zhang*, "Cell Force Mapping Using a Double-Sided Micropillar Array based on the Moire Fringe Method," Applied Physics Letters, 2014, 105(3): 033702(5pp). [DOI]

[116]. C. Wang#, X. Wang#, S.W. Anderson, X. Zhang*, "Biocompatible, Micro- and Nano-Fabricated Magnetic Cylinders for Potential Use as Contrast Agents for Magnetic Resonance Imaging," Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 2014, 196: 670-675. [DOI]

[115]. C. Wang#, X. Wang#, S.W. Anderson, X. Zhang*, "Fabrication and Characterization of Composite Hydrogel Particles with X-Ray Attenuating Payloads," Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, 2014, 32(3): 032001(7pp). [DOI]

[114]. K. Fan#, X. Zhao#, J. Zhang, G.R. Keiser, H.R. Seren#, G.D. Metcalfe, M. Wraback, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Optically Tunable Terahertz Metamaterials on Highly Flexible Substrates," IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology, 2013, 3(6): 702-708. [DOI]

[113]. X. Wang#, C. Wang#, S.W. Anderson, X. Zhang*, "Microfabricated Iron Oxide Particles for Tunable, Multispectral Magnetic Resonance Imaging," Materials Letters, 2013, 110: 122-126. [DOI]

[112]. G.R. Keiser, K. Fan#, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Towards Dynamic, Tunable, and Nonlinear Metamaterials via Near Field Interactions: A Review," Journal of Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, 2013, 34(11): 709-723. [DOI]

[111]. J. Dong#, P. Du#, X. Zhang*, "Characterization of the Young's Modulus and Residual Stresses for a Sputtered Silicon Oxynitride Film Using Micro-Structures," Thin Solid Films, 2013, 545, 414-418. [DOI]

[110]. G.R. Keiser, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, V. Young, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Decoupling Crossover in Asymmetric Broadside Coupled Split Ring Resonators at Terahertz Frequencies," Physical Review B, 2013, 88(2): 024101(5pp). [DOI]

[109]. E.M. Frohlich#, J.L. Alonso, J.T. Borenstein, X. Zhang, M.A. Arnaout, J.L. Charest, "Topographically-Patterned Porous Membranes in a Microfluidic Device as an in vitro Model of Renal Reabsorptive Barriers," Lab on a Chip, 2013, 13(12): 2311-2319. [DOI]

[108]. K. Fan#, H.Y. Hwang#, M. Liu, A.C. Strikwerda, A. Sternbach, J. Zhang, X. Zhao#, X. Zhang, K.A. Nelson, R.D. Averitt, "Nonlinear Terahertz Metamaterials via Field-Enhanced Carrier Dynamics in GaAs," Physical Review Letters, 2013, 110(21): 217404(5pp). [DOI]

[107]. P. Du#, X. Lin, X. Zhang*, "Tunable Electrical and Mechanical Responses of PDMS and Polypyrrole Nanowire Composites," Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 2013, 46(19): 195303(8pp). [DOI]

[106]. K. Fan#, A.C. Strikwerda, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Three-Dimensional Broadband Tunable Terahertz Metamaterials," Physical Review B - Rapid Communications, 2013, 87(16): 161104(4pp). [DOI; Kaleidoscope]

[105]. P. Du#, C. Chen, H. Lu, X. Zhang*, "Investigation of Cellular Contraction Forces in the Frequency Domain Using a PDMS Micropillar-Based Force Transducer," Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 2013, 22(1): 44-53. [DOI]

[104]. M. Liu+, H.Y. Hwang#+, H. Tao#, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, G.R. Keiser, A.J. Sternbach, K.G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S.A. Wolf, F.G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K.A. Nelson, R.D. Averitt, "Terahertz-Field-Induced Insulator-to-Metal Transition in Vanadium Dioxide Metamaterial," Nature, 2012, 487(7407): 345-348. [DOI]

[103]. N. Kumar, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, X. Zhang, R.D. Averitt, P.C.M. Planken, A.J.L. Adam, "THz Near-Field Faraday Imaging in Hybrid Metamaterials," Optics Express, 2012, 20(10): 11277-11287. [DOI]

[102]. C.A. Werley, K. Fan#, A.C. Strikwerda, S.M. Teo, X. Zhang, R.D. Averitt, K.A. Nelson, "Time-Resolved Imaging of Near-Fields in THz Antennas and Direct Quantitative Measurement of Field Enhancements," Optics Express, 2012, 20(8): 8551-8567. [DOI]

[101]. K. Fan#, A.C. Strikwerda, R.D. Averitt*, X. Zhang*, "Three-Dimensional Magnetic Terahertz Metamaterials Using a Multilayer Electroplating Technique," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2012, 22(4): 045011(9pp). [DOI; Cover Image]

[100]. P. Du#, X. Wang#, I-K Lin#, X. Zhang*, "Effects of Composition and Thermal Annealing on the Mechanical Properties of Silicon Oxycarbide Films," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2012, 176: 90-98. [DOI]

[99]. A. Marconnet, M. Panzer, S. Yerci, S. Minissale, X. Wang#, X. Zhang, L. D. Negro, K.E. Goodson, "Thermal Conductivity and Photoluminescence of Light-Emitting Silicon Nitride Films," Applied Physics Letters, 2012, 100(5): 051908(4pp). [DOI]

[98]. W.-C. Chen, A. Totachawattana, K. Fan#, J.L. Ponsetto, A.C. Strikwerda, X. Zhang, R.D. Averitt, W.J. Padilla, "Single-Layer Terahertz Metamaterials with Bulk Optical Constants," Physical Review B, 2012, 85(3): 035112(6pp). [DOI]

[97]. K. Iwaszczuk, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, X. Zhang, R.D. Averitt, P. Uhd Jepsen, "Flexible Metamaterial Absorbers for Stealth Applications at Terahertz Frequencies," Optics Express, 2012, 20(1): 635-643. [DOI]

[96]. E.M. Frohlich#, X. Zhang, J.L. Charest, "The Use of Controlled Surface Topography and Flow-Induced Shear Stress to Influence Renal Epithelial Cell Function," Integrative Biology, 2012, 4(1): 75-83. [DOI]

[95]. Y. Minowa, M. Nagai, H. Tao#, K. Fan#, A.C. Strikwerda, X. Zhang, R.D. Averitt, K. Tanaka, "Extremely Thin Metamaterial as Slab Waveguide at Terahertz Frequencies," IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology, 2011, 1(2): 441-449. [DOI]

[94]. H. Tao#, E.A. Kadlec, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, W.J. Padilla, R.D. Averitt, E.A. Shaner, X. Zhang*, "Microwave and Terahertz Wave Sensing with Metamaterials," Optics Express, 2011, 19(22): 21620-21626. [DOI; Highlight in Science]

[93]. A.C. Strikwerda, R.D. Averitt*, K. Fan#, X. Zhang*, G.D. Metcalfe, M. Wraback*, "Electromagnetic Composite-Based Reflecting Terahertz Waveplates," International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems, 2011, 20(3): 583-588. [DOI]

[92]. P. Du#, X. Zheng#, I-K Lin#, X. Zhang*, "Effect of Loading Rates on Cellular Force Measurements by Polymer Micropillar based Transducers," Applied Physics Letters, 2011, 99(8): 083701(3pp). [DOI]

[91]. H. Tao#, L. Chieffo, M.A. Brenckle, S.M. Siebert, M. Liu, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, D.L. Kaplan, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, F.G. Omenetto*, "Metamaterials on Paper as a Sensing Platform," Advanced Materials, 2011, 23(28): 3197-3201. [DOI]

[90]. I-K Lin#, X. Zhang*, Y. Zhang*, "Inelastic Deformation of Bilayer Microcantilevers with Nanoscale Coating," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2011, 168(1): 1-9. [DOI]

[89]. P-H Wu, I-K Lin#, H-Y Yan, K-S Ou, K-S Chen, X. Zhang*, "Mechanical Property Characterization of Sputtered and Plasma Enhanced Chemical Deposition (PECVD) Silicon Nitride Films after Rapid Thermal Annealing," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2011, 168(1):117-126. [DOI]

[88]. K. Fan#, A.C. Strikwerda, H. Tao#, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Stand-up Magnetic Metamaterials at Terahertz Frequencies," Optics Express, 2011, 19(13): 12619-12627. [DOI]

[87]. B.C. Kaanta#, A.J. Jonca#, H. Chen, X. Zhang*, "Temperature Distribution on Thermal Conductivity Detectors for Flow Rate Insensitivity," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2011, 167(2): 146-151. [DOI]

[86]. E. Ekmekci, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, G. Keiser, X. Zhang, G. Turhan-Sayan, R.D. Averitt, "Frequency Tunable Terahertz Metamaterials Using Broadside Coupled Split-Ring Resonators," Physical Review B, 2011, 83(19): 193103(4pp). [DOI]

[85]. X. Zheng# and X. Zhang*, "Opto-Mechanical Platforms for Cell Force Study," Micro and Nano Letters, 2011, 6(5): 332-336. [DOI]

[84]. H. Tao#, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, W.J. Padilla, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "MEMS Based Structurally Tunable Metamaterials at Terahertz Frequencies," Journal of Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, 2011, 32(5): 580-595. [DOI]

[83]. X. Zheng# and X. Zhang*, "Microsystems for Cellular Force Measurement: A Review," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2011, 21(5): 054003(13pp). [DOI]

[82]. X. Zheng# and X. Zhang*, "Whole Field Decoupling of Predistortion on Polymeric Cell Force Transducer," Applied Physics Letters, 2011, 98(17): 173701(3pp). [DOI]

[81]. B.C. Kaanta#, H. Chen, X. Zhang*, "Effect of Forced Convection on Thermal Distribution in Micro Thermal Conductivity Detectors," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2011, 21(4): 045017(8pp). [DOI]

[80]. H. Tao#, W.J. Padilla, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Recent Progress in Electromagnetic Metamaterial Devices for Terahertz Applications," IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 2011, 17(1): 92-101. [DOI]

[79]. H. Tao#, A.C. Strikwerda, M. Liu, J.P. Mondia, E. Ekmekci, K. Fan#, D.L. Kaplan, W.J. Padilla, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, F.G. Omenetto*, "Performance Enhancement of Terahertz Metamaterials on Ultrathin Substrates for Sensing Applications," Applied Physics Letters, 2010, 97(26): 261909(3pp). [DOI]

[78]. H. Tao#, C.M. Bingham, D.V. Pilon, K. Fan#, A.C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W.J. Padilla, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "A Dual Band Terahertz Metamaterial Absorber," Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 2010, 43(22): 225102(5pp). [DOI]

[77]. P. Du#, X. Lin, X. Zhang*, "A Multilayer Bending Model for Conducting Polymer Actuators," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2010, 163(1): 240-246. [DOI]

[76]. B.C. Kaanta#, H. Chen, X. Zhang*, "Novel Device for Calibration-Free Flow Rate Measurements in Micro Gas Chromatographic Systems," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2010, 20(9): 095034(7pp). [DOI]

[75]. P. Du#, I-K Lin#, H. Lu, X. Zhang*, "Extension of the Beam Theory for Polymer Bio-Transducers with Low Aspect Ratios and Viscoelastic Characteristics," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2010, 20(9): 095016(13pp). [DOI]

[74]. H. Tao#, J.J. Amsden, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, D.L. Kaplan, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, F.G. Omenetto*, "Metamaterial Silk Composites at Terahertz Frequencies," Advanced Materials, 2010, 22(32): 3527-3531. [DOI; Cover Image]

[73]. X. Zheng#, H.K. Surks, X. Zhang*, "A Versatile Cell Contractility Mapping Transducer Utilizing Moire-Based Technique," Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 2010, 19(4): 764-773. [DOI]

[72]. X. Zheng#, H.K. Surks, X. Zhang*, "Single Cell Contractility Studies Based On Compact Moire System Over Periodic Gratings," Applied Physics Letters, 2010, 96(21): 213705(3pp). [DOI]

[71]. B.C. Kaanta#, H. Chen, X. Zhang*, "A Monolithically Fabricated Gas Chromatography Separation Column with an Integrated High Sensitivity Thermal Conductivity Detector," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2010, 20(5): 055016(6pp). [DOI]

[70]. B.J. Hansen#, N. Kouklin, G. Lu, I-K Lin#, J. Chen, X. Zhang*, "Transport, Analyte Detection and Opto-Electronic Response of p-Type CuO Nanowires," Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2010, 114(6): 2440-2447. [DOI]

[69]. H. Tao#, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, W.J. Padilla, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Reconfigurable Terahertz Metamaterials," Physical Review Letters, 2009, 103(14): 147401(4pp). [DOI]

[68]. I-K Lin#, K-S Ou, Y-M Liao, Y. Liu#, K-S Chen, X. Zhang*, "Viscoelastic Characterization and Modeling of Polymer Transducers for Biological Applications," Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 2009, 18(5): 1087-1099. [DOI]

[67]. Y. Qiu#, R. Liao, X. Zhang*, "Intervention of Cardiomyocyte Death Based on Real-Time Monitoring of Cell Adhesion through Impedance Sensing," Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 2009, 25(1): 147-153. [DOI]

[66]. I-K Lin#, X. Zhang*, Y. Zhang*, "Thermomechanical Behavior and Microstructural Evolution of SiNx/Al Bimaterial Microcantilevers," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2009, 19(8): 085010(10pp). [DOI]

[65]. Y. Qiu#, R. Liao, X. Zhang*, "Impedance-Based Monitoring of Ongoing Cardiomyocyte Death Induced by Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha," Biophysical Journal, 2009, 96(5): 1985-1991. [DOI]

[64]. Y. Wang, X. Zheng#, N. Riddick, M. Bryden, W. Baur, X. Zhang, H.K. Surks, "ROCK Isoform Regulation of Myosin Phosphatase and Contractility in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells," Circulation Research, 2009, 104(4): 531-540. [DOI]

[63]. A.C. Strikwerda+, K. Fan#+, H. Tao#, D.V. Pilon, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Comparison of Birefringent Electric Split-Ring Resonator and Meanderline Structure as Quarter-Wave Plates at Terahertz Frequencies," Optics Express, 2009, 17(1): 136-149. [DOI]

[62]. I-K Lin#, Y-M Liao, Y. Liu#, K-S Ou, K-S Chen, X. Zhang*, "Viscoelastic Mechanical Behavior of Soft Microcantilever-Based Force Sensors," Applied Physics Letters, 2008, 93(25): 251907(3pp). [DOI]

[61]. H. Tao#, C.M. Bingham, A.C. Strikwerda, D.V. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N.I. Landy, K. Fan#, X. Zhang*, W.J. Padilla, R.D. Averitt*, "Highly Flexible Wide Angle of Incidence Terahertz Metamaterial Absorber: Design, Fabrication, and Characterization," Physical Review B - Rapid Communications, 2008, 78(24): 241103(4pp). [DOI]

[60]. X. Zheng# and X. Zhang*, "An Optical Moire Technique for Cell Traction Force Mapping," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2008, 18(12): 125006(10pp). [DOI]

[59]. H. Tao#, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan#, C.M. Bingham, W.J. Padilla, X. Zhang*, R.D. Averitt*, "Terahertz Metamaterials on Free-Standing Highly-Flexible Polyimide Substrates," Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 2008, 41(23): 232004(5pp). [DOI]

[58]. C.M. Bingham, H. Tao#, X. Liu, R.D. Averitt, X. Zhang, W.J. Padilla, "Planar Wallpaper Group Metamaterials for Novel Terahertz Applications," Optics Express, 2008, 16(23): 18565-18575. [DOI; Highlight in Nature; Highlight in MRS Bulletin]

[57]. X. Zheng# and X. Zhang*, "Optical Moire as a Visualization Tool for Living Vascular Cell Contraction Force Mapping," Applied Physics Letters, 2008, 93(16): 164106(3pp). [DOI]

[56]. Y. Liu#, I-K Lin#, X. Zhang*, "Mechanical Properties of Sputtered Silicon Oxynitride Films by Nanoindentation," Materials Science and Engineering A, 2008, 489(1-2): 294-301. [DOI]

[55]. S. Huang#, H. Tao#, I-K Lin#, X. Zhang*, "Development of Double-Cantilever Infrared Detectors: Fabrication, Curvature Control and Demonstration of Thermal Detection," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2008, 145-146: 231-240. [DOI]

[54]. I-K Lin#, Y. Zhang, X. Zhang*, "The Deformation of Microcantilever-Based Infrared Detectors During Thermal Cycling," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2008, 18(7): 075012(9pp). [DOI]

[53]. H. Tao#, N.I. Landy, C.M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R.D. Averitt, W.J. Padilla, "A Metamaterial Absorber for the Terahertz Regime: Design, Fabrication and Characterization," Optics Express, 2008, 16(10): 7181-7188. [DOI; Highlight in Science; Highlight in Nature]

[52]. Z. Cao# and X. Zhang*, "Nanoindentation Stress-Strain Curves of Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposited Silicon Oxide Thin Films," Thin Solid Films, 2008, 516(8): 1941-1951. [DOI]

[51]. Y. Qiu#, R. Liao, X. Zhang*, "Real-Time Monitoring Primary Cardiomyocyte Adhesion Based on Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy and Electrical Cell-Substrate Impedance Sensing," Analytical Chemistry, 2008, 80(4): 990-996. [DOI]

[50]. Y. Zhao# and X. Zhang*, "Profile Control in Silicon Nanostructures Using Fluorine-Enhanced Oxide Passivation," IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, 2008, 7(1): 40-47. [DOI]

[49]. Y. Zhao#, C.C. Lim, D.B. Sawyer, R. Liao, X. Zhang*, "Simultaneous Orientation and Cellular Force Measurements in Adult Cardiac Myocytes Using Three-Dimensional Polymeric Microstructures," Cell Motility and the Cytoskeleton, 2007, 64(9): 718-725. [DOI]

[48]. S. Huang# and X. Zhang*, "Study of Gradient Stress in Bimaterial Cantilever Structures for Infrared Applications," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2007, 17(7): 1211-1219. [DOI]

[47]. Y. Zhao# and X. Zhang*, "Adaptation of Myofibrils to a Microstructured Polymeric Substrate," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2007, 136(2): 491-495. [DOI]

[46]. M. Yang# and X. Zhang*, "A Novel Impedance Assay for Cardiac Myocyte Hypertrophy Sensing," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2007, 136(2): 504-509. [DOI]

[45]. M. Yang# and X. Zhang*, "Electrical Assisted Patterning of Cardiac Myocytes with Controlled Macroscopic Anisotropy Using a Microfluidic Dielectrophoresis Chip," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2007, 135(1): 73-79. [DOI]

[44]. M. Yang#, C.C. Lim, R. Liao, X. Zhang*, "A Novel Microfluidic Impedance Assay for Monitoring Endothelin-Induced Cardiomyocyte Hypertrophy," Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 2007, 22(8): 1688-1693. [DOI]

[43]. Z. Cao# and X. Zhang*, "Nanoindentation Creep of Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposited Silicon Oxide Thin Films," Scripta Materialia, 2007, 56(3): 249-252. [DOI]

[42]. S. Huang# and X. Zhang*, "Gradient Residual Stress Induced Elastic Deformation of Multilayer MEMS Structures," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2007, 134(1): 177-185. [DOI]

[41]. M. Yang#, C.C. Lim, R. Liao, X. Zhang*, "Oriented and Vectorial Patterning of Cardiac Myocytes Using a Microfluidic Dielectrophoresis Chip - Towards Engineered Cardiac Tissue with Controlled Macroscopic Anisotropy," Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 2006, 15(6): 1483-1491. [DOI]

[40]. Z. Cao# and X. Zhang*, "Size-Dependent Creep Behavior of Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposited Silicon Oxide Films," Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 2006, 39(23): 5054-5063. [DOI]

[39]. Y. Zhao# and X. Zhang*, "Determination of the Deformations in Polymeric Nanostructures Using Geometric Moire Techniques for Biological Applications," Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 2006, 117(2): 376-383. [DOI]

[38]. S. Huang#, B. Li, X. Zhang*, "Elimination of Stress-Induced Curvature in Microcantilever Infrared Focal Plane Arrays," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2006, 130-131: 331-339. [DOI]

[37]. Y. Zhao#, C.C. Lim, D.B. Sawyer, R. Liao, X. Zhang*, "Microchip for Subcellular Mechanics Study in Living Cells," Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 2006, 114(2): 1108-1115. [DOI]

[36]. Y. Zhao# and X. Zhang*, "An Approach for Creating Polymeric Microstructures with Various Aspect Ratios for Cellular Analysis Applications," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2006, 127(2): 216-220. [DOI]

[35]. Z. Cao# and X. Zhang*, "Experiments and Theory of Thermally-Induced Stress Relaxation in Amorphous Dielectric Films for MEMS and IC Applications," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2006, 127(2): 221-227. [DOI]

[34]. H. Yu#, O. Balogun, B. Li, T.W. Murray, X. Zhang*, "Fabrication of Three-Dimensional Microstructures Based on Singled-Layered SU-8 for Lab-on-Chip Applications," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2006, 127(2): 228-234. [DOI]

[33]. S. Huang# and X. Zhang*, "Extension of the Stoney Formula for Film-Substrate Systems with Gradient Stress for MEMS Applications," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2006, 16(2): 382-389. [DOI]

[32]. H. Yu#, B. Li, X. Zhang*, "Flexible Fabrication of Three-Dimensional Multi-Layered Microstructures Using a Scanning Laser System," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2006, 125(2): 553-564. [DOI]

[31]. Y. Zhao# and X. Zhang*, "Cellular Mechanics Study in Cardiac Myocytes Using PDMS Pillars Array," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2006, 125(2): 398-404. [DOI]

[30]. Y. Zhao# and X. Zhang*, "Adaptation of Flexible Polymer Fabrication to Cellular Mechanics Study," Applied Physics Letters, 2005, 87(14): 144101(3pp). [DOI]

[29]. Y. Zhao#, C.C. Lim, D.B. Sawyer, R. Liao, X. Zhang*, "Cellular Force Measurements Using Single-Spaced Polymeric Microstructures: Isolating Cells from Base Substrate," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2005, 15(9): 1649-1656. [DOI]

[28]. Z. Cao#, T-Y Zhang, X. Zhang*, "Microbridge Testing of Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposited Silicon Oxide Films on Silicon Wafers," Journal of Applied Physics, 2005, 97(10): 104909(9pp). [DOI]

[27]. L.G. Frechette, S.A. Jacobson, K.S. Breuer, F.F. Ehrich, R. Ghodssi, R. Khanna, C.W. Wong, X. Zhang, M.A. Schmidt, A.H. Epstein, "High-Speed Microfabricated Silicon Turbomachinery and Fluid Film Bearings," Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 2005, 14(1): 141-152. [DOI]

[26]. H. Yu#, O. Balogun, B. Li, T.W. Murray, X. Zhang*, "Building Embedded Microchannels Using a Single Layered SU-8, and Determining Young's Modulus Using a Laser Acoustic Technique," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2004, 14(11): 1576-1584. [DOI]

[25]. X. Zhang*, Y. Zhao#, B. Li#, D. Ludlow#, "Pumping Capacity and Reliability of Cryogenic Micro-Pump for Micro-Satellite Applications," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2004, 14(10): 1421-1429. [DOI]

[24]. Z. Cao# and X. Zhang*, "Density Change and Viscous Flow During Structural Relaxation of Plasma-Enhanced Chemical-Vapor-Deposited Silicon Oxide Films," Journal of Applied Physics, 2004, 96(8): 4273-4280. [DOI]

[23]. B. Li, H. Yu#, A. Sharon, X. Zhang, "Rapid Three-Dimensional Manufacturing of Microfluidic Structures Using a Scanning Laser System," Applied Physics Letters, 2004, 85(12): 2426-2428. [DOI]

[22]. C.W. Wong, X. Zhang, S.A. Jacobson, A.H. Epstein, "A Self-Acting Gas Thrust Bearing for High-Speed Microrotors," Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 2004, 13(2): 158-164. [DOI]

[21]. B. Li, X. Tang, H. Xie, X. Zhang, "Strain Analysis in MEMS/NEMS Structures and Devices by Using Focused Ion Beam System," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2004, 111(1): 57-62. [DOI]

[20]. C.M. Spadaccini, A. Mehra, J. Lee, X. Zhang, S. Lukachko, I.A. Waitz, "High Power Density Silicon Combustion Systems for Micro Gas Turbine Engines," Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 2003, 125(3): 709-719. [DOI]

[19]. K-S Chen, X. Zhang, S-Y Lin, "Intrinsic Stress Generation and Relaxation of Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposited Oxide During Deposition and Subsequent Thermal Cycling," Thin Solid Films, 2003, 434(1-2): 190-202. [DOI]

[18]. N. Miki, C.J. Teo, L. Ho, X. Zhang, "Enhancement of Rotordynamic Performance of High-Speed Micro-Rotors for Power MEMS Applications by Precision Deep Reactive Ion Etching," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2003, 104(3): 263-267. [DOI]

[17]. X. Zhang, A. Mehra, A.A. Ayon, I.A. Waitz, "Igniters and Temperature Sensors for a Micro-Scale Combustion System," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2003, 103(1-2): 253-262. [DOI]

[16]. X. Zhang, K-S Chen, S.M. Spearing, "Thermo-Mechanical Behavior of Thick PECVD Oxide Films for Power MEMS Applications," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2003, 103(1-2): 263-270. [DOI]

[15]. A.A. Ayon, X. Zhang, K. Turner, D. Choi, B. Miller, S.F. Nagle, S.M. Spearing, "Characterization of Silicon Wafer Bonding for Power MEMS Applications," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2003, 103(1-2): 1-8. [DOI]

[14]. N. Miki, X. Zhang, R. Khanna, A.A. Ayon, D. Ward, S.M. Spearing, "Multi-Stack Silicon-Direct Wafer Bonding for 3D MEMS Manufacturing," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2003, 103(1-2): 194-201. [DOI]

[13]. C.M. Spadaccini, X. Zhang, C.P. Cadou, N. Miki, I.A. Waitz, "Preliminary Development of a Hydrocarbon-Fueled Catalytic Micro-Combustor," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2003, 103(1-2): 219-224. [DOI]

[12]. K-S Chen, A.A. Ayon, X. Zhang, S.M. Spearing, "Effect of Process Parameters on the Surface Morphology and Mechanical Performance of Silicon Structures after Deep Reactive Ion Etching (DRIE)," Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 2002, 11(3): 264-275. [DOI]

[11]. X. Zhang, K-S Chen, R. Ghodssi, A.A. Ayon, S.M. Spearing, "Residual Stress and Fracture in Thick Tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and Silane-Based PECVD Oxide Films," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2001, 91(3): 373-380. [DOI]

[10]. A.A. Ayon, X. Zhang, R. Khanna, "Anisotropic Silicon Trenches 300-500 um Deep Employing Time Multiplexed Deep Etching (TMDE)," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2001, 91(3): 381-385. [DOI]

[9]. A. Mehra, X. Zhang, A.A. Ayon, I.A. Waitz, M.A. Schmidt, C.M. Spadaccini, "A Six-Wafer Combustion System for a Silicon Micro Gas Turbine Engine," Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 2000, 9(4): 517-527. [DOI]

[8]. A. Mehra, X. Zhang, A.A. Ayon, I.A. Waitz, M.A. Schmidt, "Through-Wafer Electrical Interconnect for Multilevel Microelectromechanical System Devices," Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, 2000, 18(5): 2583-2589. [DOI]

[7]. L-Q Chen, X. Zhang, T-Y Zhang, H.Y. Lin, S.B. Lee, "Micro-Raman Spectral Analysis of the Subsurface Damage Layer in Machined Silicon Wafers," Journal of Materials Research, 2000, 15(7): 1441-1444. [DOI]

[6]. X. Zhang, T-Y Zhang, M. Wong, Y. Zohar, "Rapid Thermal Annealing of Polysilicon Thin Films," Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 1998, 7(4): 356-364. [DOI]

[5]. X. Zhang, T-Y Zhang, Y. Zohar, "Measurements of Residual Stresses in Thin Films Using Micro-Rotating-Structures," Thin Solid Films, 1998, 335(1-2): 97-105. [DOI]

[4]. T-Y Zhang, X. Zhang, Y. Zohar, "Buckling of Polysilicon Microbeams During Sacrificial Layer Removal," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 1998, 8(3): 243-249. [DOI]

[3]. X. Zhang, T-Y Zhang, M. Wong, Y. Zohar, "Residual-Stress Relaxation in Polysilicon Thin Films by High-Temperature Rapid Thermal Annealing," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 1998, 64(1): 109-115. [DOI]

[2]. G.L. Chen, X.T. Wang, K.Q. Ni, S.M. Hao, J.X. Cao, J.J. Ding, X. Zhang, "Investigation on the 1000, 1150 and 1400C Isothermal Section of the Ti-Al-Nb System," Intermetallics, 1996, 4(1): 13-22. [DOI]

[1]. S.M. Hao and X. Zhang, "Calculation of Phase Equilibria for the Ternary System by the Grand Potential Method," Journal of Phase Equilibria, 1995, 16(5): 441-446. [DOI]

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