5.    Requirements, Policies and Standards

 The following policies and standards apply to all Administrative Sciences Department courses.

5.1        Attendance

            Attendance at all classes is mandatory. Attendance will be taken early on in the class. In accordance with the department policy, any student missing more than 2 classes will be considered to have withdrawn. Students arriving late will be considered to have missed the class.

5.2.       Student Participation

Student participation is required in all aspects of the course. Participation in discussions is defined very clearly as contributing throughout the week to all of the discussions in each week.

Minimal preparation is reading the material, and being able to summarize what it is about, what the issue is, and what you would recommend.

Superior preparation involves being able to (i) summarize the situation/problem presented by the case; (ii) recommend a solution to the discussed problem; (iii) support your recommendation with relevant details and analyses; (iv) back up your sources with correctly formatted references; and (v) discuss innovative solutions, or why obvious solutions might be discounted.

5.3       Paper Requirements

You are to complete the research paper using the American Psychological Association (APA) writing style and guideline for references format. Proper attribution is required for all sources.

You can download the student style guide from the American Psychological Association web site or you can purchase the APA style guide from the book store. As most referencing information is available either on the APA web site or in the course documents--the purchase of the guide is not essential. The guide will inform you as how to reference your paper correctly.

Correct APA citations and APA reference formatting are essential.

Papers in this class are to be RESEARCH PAPERS. Remember that work that you use from other authors MUST be referenced. Since it is assumed that you know little about the topic that you are writing on it is expected that this paper will be an overview of many different sources of information. These must be attributed to their original author, using the American Psychological Association format. This is your paper and not the cut and paste of someone else's work.

The internet has led to a false sense of what research is all about. Those new to research tend to think that it means spending an afternoon surfing the internet and then an afternoon cutting from material available. Keep in mind the internet is:

1. Not quality oriented, as it has good stuff and not so good stuff. The internet does not know the difference.

2. The internet should NOT be the sole source location for your research. That is to say I expect to see materials that are not available on the internet.

Use the library. As a MET student, you have access to academic journals. Academic research is far more valuable than random internet searches.

5.4. Lateness Policies

5.4.1 Timely Presentation of Materials Due

All assignments (papers, homework, etc.) have due dates. Instructors maintain the right to refuse, or downgrade, any materials presented after the due dates. This is not a subject for discussion.

We suggest that you organize your time and work so as to turn in your work early. This way, should some unforeseen problem arise, the timely presentation of your work is not in jeopardy.

5.4.2     Requests For Make-Up Examinations

In general, make-up exams are not given.

It is almost impossible to schedule a make-up exam. Schedule the date in your calendar now.

I regard it as manifestly unfair to allow extensions of exams.

However, I recognize that very infrequently extraordinary situations do occur that make fulfilling requirements impossible and, as such, I review requests for make-up exams on a case-by-case basis.

I hope that you will appreciate that I do not do this to penalize any individual student but to attempt to assure that there is a level playing field and that everyone in the class feels confident that no one has a unique advantage.

6.         Academic Honesty

Boston University considers plagiarism (any attempt by a student to represent the work of another as his or her own) and other forms of cheating serious offenses and enforces serious penalties when they occur.

            Any Plagiarism will be reported to the Dean.

The Metropolitan College Student Academic Conduct Code is at: http://www.bu.edu/met/metropolitan_college_people/student/resources/conduct/code.html

Students are expected to read and understand the above document.

The key points are summarized below. However, students must be familiar with the entire document.

BU has made available to all faculty members the software entitled “Turnitin.com” This software has a database of millions of papers articles and student assignments. I have used this software in cases of suspected cheating. If you copy paragraphs from a variety of sources, TurnItIn will find them all and explain precisely where you copied it from.

Summary of the Academic Conduct Code

Academic Conduct Code

         I.     Philosophy of Discipline
The objective of Metropolitan College in enforcing academic rules is to promote the kind of community atmosphere in which learning can best take place. This atmosphere can be maintained only so long as every student believes that his or her academic competence is being judged fairly and that he or she will not be put at a disadvantage because of the dishonesty of someone else. Penalties imposed should be carefully determined so as to be no more or no less than required to maintain the desired atmosphere. In defining violation of this code the intent is to protect the integrity of the educational process.

        II.     Academic Misconduct
Academic misconduct is conduct by which a student misrepresents his or her academic accomplishments or impedes other students' chances of being judged fairly for their academic work. Knowingly allowing others to represent your work as theirs is as serious an offense as submitting another's work as your own.

       III.     Violations of this Code
Violations of this code are acts that constitute an attempt to be dishonest or deceptive in the performance of academic work in or out of the classroom. To alter academic records, or to collaborate with another student or students in an act of academic misconduct. Violations include but are not limited to:

                       A.     Cheating on examinations. Any attempt by a student to alter his or her performance on an examination in violation of that examination's stated or commonly understood ground rules.

                       B.     Plagiarism. Any attempt by a student to represent the work of another as his or her own. Plagiarism includes each of the following: copying the answers of another student on an examination, copying or substantially restating the work of another person or persons in any oral or written work without citing the appropriate source, and collaboration with someone else in an academic endeavor without acknowledging his or her contribution (see below for a more detailed definition of plagiarism).

                       C.     Misrepresentation or falsification of data presented for surveys, experiments, etc.

                       D.     Theft of an examination. Stealing or otherwise discovering and/or making known to others the contents of an examination that has not yet been administered.

                       E.     Unauthorized conversation is not allowed during examinations. Any unauthorized conversation may be considered prima facie evidence of cheating.

                        F.     Knowingly allowing another student to represent your work as his or her own.

                       G.     Forgery, alteration, or knowing misuse of graded examinations, grade lists, or official University records or documents, including but not limited to transcripts, letters of recommendation, degree certificates, alteration of examinations or other work after submission.

                       H.     Theft or destruction of examinations or papers after submission including purposefully altering possible poor performance.

                         I.     Submitting the same work in more than one course without the consent of the instructors involved.

                        J.     Altering or destroying another student's work or records, altering records of any kind, removing materials from libraries or offices without consent, or in any way interfering with the work of others so as to impede their academic performance.

                       K.     Failure to comply with the sanctions imposed under the authority of this code.

A Definition of Plagiarism

"The academic counterpart of the bank embezzler and of the manufacturer who mislabels products is the plagiarist: the student or scholar who leads readers to believe that what they are reading is the original work of the writer when it is not. If it could be assumed that the distinction between plagiarism and honest use of sources is perfectly clear in everyone's mind, there would be no need for the explanation that follows; merely the warning with which this definition concludes would be enough. But it is apparent that sometimes people of goodwill draw the suspicion of guilt upon themselves (and, indeed, are guilty) simply because they are not aware of the illegitimacy of certain kinds of "borrowing" and of the procedures for correct identification of materials other than those gained through independent research and reflection."

"The spectrum is a wide one. At one end there is a word-for-word copying of another's writing without enclosing the copied passage in quotation marks and identifying it in a footnote, both of which are necessary. (This includes, of course, the copying of all or any part of another student's paper.) It hardly seems possible that anyone of college age or more could do that without clear intent to deceive. At the other end there is the almost casual slipping in of a particularly apt term which one has come across in reading and which so aptly expresses one's opinion that one is tempted to make it personal property.

Between these poles there are degrees and degrees, but they may be roughly placed in two groups. Close to outright and blatant deceit-but more the result, perhaps, of laziness than of bad intent-is the patching together of random jottings made in the course of reading, generally without careful identification of their source, and then woven into the text, so that the result is a mosaic of other people's ideas and words, the writer's sole contribution being the cement to hold the pieces together. Indicative of more effort and, for that reason, somewhat closer to honest, though still dishonest, is the paraphrase, and abbreviated (and often skillfully prepared) restatement of someone else's analysis or conclusion, without acknowledgment that another person's text has been the basis for the recapitulation."

The paragraphs above are from H. Martin and R. Ohmann, The Logic and Rhetoric of Exposition, Revised Edition. Copyright 1963, Holt, Rinehart & Winston.