Section V: Selected Publications

Among several original research works, thirty-five were published in Pakistan and twenty-five appeared in scientific journals of England, France, Italy, Germany, U.S.A., Bahrain, Japan, Iran and India. Some of the papers have also been translated into Japanese, French, German and Sindhi languages.


1998 The Archaeology of Sindh (since 1930): Updated Supplement to the Antiquities of Sind. Third Edition. Karachi: Department of Culture and Tourism, Government of Sindh: 153-208.

1997 Ancient Cholistan: Archaeology and Architecture. Lahore: Ferozsons (Pvt.), Ltd.

1995 PIATR: The Pakistan Institute of Archaeological Training and Research - A Comprehensive Report 1988-95. Karachi: Department of Archaeology and Museums, 1995. (Co-author with Gulzar M. Khan)

1983 The Dilmun Burial Complex at Sar: 1980-82 Excavations in Bahrain. Ministry of Information, Directorate of Archaeology and Museums, State of Bahrain.

1973 Present State of Research on the Indus Valley Civilization. International Symposium on Mohenjodaro. Karachi: Department of Archaeology & Museums.

1970 The Early Harappan Period in the Greater Indus Valley and Northern Balochistan (ca. 3000-2400 BC) Ph.D. Thesis. Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. (University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Michigan, No.71-19, 263).

In preparation
Sir Aural Stein’s Survey of the Ghaggar-Hakra Region, Thar Desert 1940-42.

Research Papers:

In 2000s

2005 “Impact of urbanization around the city of Lahore and the world heritage monument of Shalamar Garden (Pakistan)”, Proceedings of ICOMOS 15th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium on “Monuments in their Setting: Conserving Cultural Heritage in Changing Townscapes and Landscapes,” Xi’an (China): World Publishing Corporation, Volume 1: 419 – 424.

2005 Monuments at Kunya-Urgench, Turkmenistan: Comments on Preservation Policies and Procedures, Circle of Inner Asian Art, SOAS (University of London), 20: 16 – 19.

2005 Sir Aurel Stein's Papers on the Survey of Ghaggar- Hakra River, 1940-42. In, Jarrige, C. and Lefevre, V. (eds.), South Asian Archaeology 2001. Paris: 277-280.

2004 Landscapes, soils, and mound histories of the Upper Indus Valley, Pakistan: new insights on the Holocene environments near ancient Harappa, Journal of Archaeological Science, 31 : 777 – 797 (joint authorship with by Schuldenrein, J., Wright, R, and Khan, M. Afzal).

2003 Evidence of Rice and Ragi at Harappa in the Context of South Asian Prehistory. In, Misra, V.N. and Kajale, M.D. (eds), Introduction of African Crops into South Asia. Pune: Indian Society for Prehistoric and Quaternary Studies: 73 – 78.

2001 Resurrecting Sir Aurel Stein from the Cholistan Desert, Context, (Boston): Boston University Center for Archaeological Studies, 15 (2): 1 – 4.

In Press

2004 Geoarchaeology of Harappa's Eastern Countryside: Observations along the buried bed of the Upper Beas River, Punjab Province, Pakiatan. In, Jarrige, C. and Lefevre, V. (eds.), South Asian Archaeology 2001, Paris (Joint authorship with Schuldenrein, J., Wright, and Khan, M.A).

In 1990s

1. A Preliminary Review of Archaeological surveys in Punjab and Sindh: 1993-95, South Asian Studies (London), 13: 275-284, 1997.

2. Recent Documentation of Ancient Sites and Monuments in the Punjab Province, Punjab Journal of Archaeology and History, Vol. 1 (1), 1997. Lahore: Department of Archaeology, Government of the Punjab. (Co-authors Muhammad Afzal Khan and Muhammad Hassan).

3. Archaeological Sites and Monuments in Punjab: Preliminary Results of Explorations, 1992-96, Pakistan Archaeology, Special Number 29 (1994-96), 1996. Karachi: Department of Archaeology and Museums. (Co-authors Farooq Iqbal, Muhammad Afzal Khan and Muhammad Hassan).

4. The Indus Valley: 3000-1500 BC In, Dani, A. H. and Mohan, J. -P. (eds.), History of Humanity: Scientific and Cultural Development. Vol. II, Paris and London: UNESCO and Routledge: 246 - 265, 1996. (Co-author B. K. Thapar).

5. Theory and Practice in Garden Conservation. In, Hussain, M., Rehman, A. and Wescoat, J.L. (eds), The Mughal Garden: Interpretation, Conservation and Implications. Islamabad - Lahore – Karachi: Ferozsons (pvt.) Ltd. :111- 113.

6. The Harappan Nomads of Cholistan. In, Allchin B. (ed.), Living Traditions: Studies in the Ethnoarchaeology of South Asia. New Delhi: Oxford & 1BH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.: 53- 68, 1994.

7. The Geographical Extent of the Indus Civilization during the Early, Mature and Late Harappan Times. In, Possehl, G. (ed.), South Asian Archaeology Studies. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.: 123-143, 1992.

8. The Consequences of River Changes for the Harappa Settlements in Cholistan, Eastern Anthropologist (Lucknow), Special Number on Indus Civilization. Vol.45 (1 & 2): 105- 116, 1992.

9. Jhukar and the late Harappan Cultural Mosaic of the Greater Indus Valley. In, Jarrige C. (ed.), South Asian Archaeology 1989. Madison, Wisconsin: The Prehistory Press: 213-221, 1992.

10. Rice and Ragi at Harappa: Preliminary Results by Plant Opal Analysis, Pakistan Archaeology (Karachi), No. 27: 129-142, 1992.

11. Ancient Sites in Cholistan, Bahawalpur (1974-77), Lahore Museum Bulletin (Lahore), and Vol. IV (2): 1-52, 1991.

12. The Cultural Patterns of Ancient Pakistan and Neighbouring Regions, circa 7000-1500 BC, Pakistan Archaeology (Karachi), No.26: 218-237, 1991.

13. Archaeological Field Research in Pakistan since Independence: An Overview, Bulletin of Deccan College and Postgraduate Research Institute (Pune), Vol.49: 261-278, 1990.

14 Further Evidence of the Harappan Culture in the Greater Indus Valley: 1971-90, South Asian Studies (London), No. 6: 175- 199, 1990.

15. The Protohistoric Settlement Patterns in the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. In, Teddei, M. (ed.), South Asian Archaeology 1987. Rome: Instituto Italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente: 143- 156, 1990.

16. The Decline of the Indus Civilization and the Late Harappan Period in the Indus Valley, Lahore Museum Bulletin (Lahore), Vol.III (2): 1-17, 1990.

17. The Harappan Settlement Systems and Patterns in the Greater Indus Valley (Circa 3500-1500 BC), Pakistan Archaeology (Karachi), No.25: 1-72: 1990.

18. The Harappan twin Capitals and Reality, Journal of Central Asia, (Islamabad), Vol. XIII (1): 155-162, 1990.

19 . (In Japanese) New Archaeological Evidence on the Harappan Problem from the Recent Researches in the Cholistan Desert, Kokogaku Zasshi (Japan): Journal of the Archaeological Society of Nippon, LXXV (3): 34-57 (with a summary in English on p. 381), 1990.

In 1980s

1. The Development of Protohistoric Research in Pakistan: 1970-85, Journal of Central Asia (Islamabad), Vol. III (1): 47-77, 1989.

2. (In Japanese) The Buddhist Road: Rock Engravings Along the Karakorum Highway, Museum Kyushu (Fukuoka: The Kyushu Association for the Promotion of the Establishment of Museum, Japan), Vol.28 (1): 59-61, 1988.

3. Genesis of the Indus Valley Civilization, Lahore Museum Bulletin (Lahore), Vol.I (1): 45-54, 1988.

4. (In German) Die Indus - Civilization: Entstehung Einer Hockhultur (The Indus Civilization: Beginning of High Culture), Vegessene Stadte Am Indus, Mainz Am Rhein (Germany): Verlag Philipp Von Zabern: 112-118, 1987.

(Also published in French) La naissance de la civilization de l'Indus, Les Cities Oubliees de lí Indus: Archaeologie due Pakistan. Paris: Musee National des Arts Asiatiques Guimet: 71-74, 1988.

5. The Significance of some Pre-and Protohistoric Discoveries in the Karakorum Region, Journal of Central Asia (Islamabad), Vol. VIII, No.2: 213-235, 1985.

6. Tombs of Uchh, Heritage í85 (Islamabad): 39-44, 1985.

7. History of Lahore and its Monuments. In, Shakoori, A. R. and Mirza, M. R. (eds.), Souvenir Sixth Pakistan Congress of Zoology, Lahore: Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab: 1-7, 1985.

8. Allama Iqbal Museum, Pakistan Pictorial (Islamabad), Vol. III (6): 9-13, 1984.

9. The Post-Harappan Phase in Bahawalpur District, Pakistan. In, Lal, B.B. and Gupta, S.P. (eds.), Frontiers of the Indus Civilization. New Delhi: Books and Books: 499-503, 1984.

10. Current Research Trends on the Rise of Indus Civilization. In, Urban G. /Jansen M. (eds.), Veroffentlichungen des Geodatischen Institutes der Rheinisch -Westfalischen Technischen Hochschule Aachen, Nr. 34:500 and 6. December 1981 (Aachen, Germany): 13-20, 1983.

11. Resent Archaeological Research in the Cholistan Desert. In, Possehl, G. L. (ed.), Harappan Civilization: A Contemporary Perspective. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co., New Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta: 85-95, 1982.

12. New Archaeological Evidence from Bahawalpur. In, Dani, A. H. (ed.), Indus Civilization: New Perspective. (Islamabad): Centre for the Study of the Civilizations of Central Asia, Quaid-e Azam University: 33-41, 1981.

13. The Origins of the Indus Civilization, Sindhological Studies (Jamshoro): University of Sindh: 1-10, 1980.

In 1970s

1. The Early Harappan Cultural Phase ñ A Reply, Purattatva: Bulletin of the Indian Archaeological Society. New Delhi, No. 10: 84-88, 1978.

2. Cultural links between Pakistan and Iran during the Protohistoric Period (5000-1000 BC). Pakistan-Iran: A Common Culture. Islamabad: Institute of Persian Studies: 33-82, 1975.
-- Translated into Persian, Iranian Journal of Archaeology and History (Tehran), Vol.4 (1): 15-33. 1990.

3. Explorations in Northern Balochistan, 1972: New Evidence and Fresh Interpretation, Proceedings of the IInd Annual Symposium on Archaeological Research in Iran, Tehran: Muzeh- e-Iran Bastan: 276-286, 1974.

4. New Evidence of the Early Harappan Culture from Jalilpur, Archaeology (New York), Vol.27 (2): 276-286, 1974.

5. A Summary of Excavations and Explorations in Pakistan, Pakistan Archaeology (Karachi) No. 8: 113-158, 1972.

6. Introduction to the Pottery of Periods I and II of Sarai Khola. In, Halim, M. A., Excavations at Sarai Khola, Part II, Pakistan Archaeology (Karachi), No. 8: 34-53, 1972.

In 1960s

1. Excavations at Tulamba, West Pakistan, Pakistan Archaeology (Karachi), No. 4: 11-152, 1967.

2. Gujrat by the Chenab (An Account of Antiquities and Monuments), Pakistan Quarterly (Karachi), Vol.12 (1): 12-19, 1964.

(In addition, more than forty articles of popular interest were published in several newspapers of Pakistan, Japan, Hong Kong and Indonesia).