There is archaeological evidence of human occupation of the Rome area from at least 14,000 years, but the dense layer of much younger debris obscures Paleolithic and Neolithic sites. Evidence of stone tools, pottery and stone weapons attest to atleast 10,000 years of human presence.
Rome constitutes one of Italy's 8,101 communes, and is the largest both in terms of land area and population. It is governed by a mayor, currently Gianni Alemanno, and a city council.
Although the site of modern-day Madrid has been occupied since prehistoric times,  in the Roman era this territory belonged to the diocese of Computum (present-day Alcala de Henares).
The city council consists of 57 members, one of them being the Mayor currently Alberto - Ruiz Gallardon Jimenez. The mayor presides over the council.