Books

After the Rubicon challenges the conventional wisdom of congressional irrelevance in military affairs by illuminating the diverse ways in which legislators have influenced the conduct of military affairs from the end of Reconstruction to the present day. Even in politically sensitive wartime environments, individual members of Congress frequently propose legislation, hold investigative hearings, and engage in national policy debates in the public sphere. These actions influence the president’s strategic decisions as he weighs the political costs of pursuing his preferred military course.  Marshaling a wealth of quantitative and historical evidence, the book reveals the full extent to which Congress materially shapes the initiation, scope, and duration of major military actions.

The Casualty Gap shows how the most important cost of American military campaigns–the loss of human life–has been paid disproportionately by poorer and less-educated communities since the 1950s. Drawing on a rich array of evidence, including National Archives data on the hometowns of more than 400,000 American soldiers killed in World War II, Korea, Vietnam, and Iraq, this book is the most ambitious inquiry to date into the distribution of American wartime casualties across the nation, the forces causing such inequalities to emerge, and their consequences for politics and democratic governance.

 

 

Peer-Reviewed Articles

Investigating the President: Committee Probes and Presidential Approval, 1953-2006 (with Eric Schickler). Forthcoming. Journal of Politics. Supplemental Information

Reassessing American Casualty Sensitivity: The Mediating Influence of Inequality (with Francis Shen). Forthcoming. Journal of Conflict Resolution.

Obama's Authorization Paradox: Syria and Congress' Continued Relevance in Military Affairs. Forthcoming. Presidential Studies Quarterly.

Responsive Partisanship: Public Support for the Clinton and Obama Health Care Plans (with Andrew Reeves). Forthcoming. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law.

Responding to War on Capitol Hill: Battlefield Casualties, Congressional Response, and Public Support for the War in Iraq (with Francis Shen). 2014. American Journal of Political Science. 58: 157-174. Supplemental Information

The Influence of Federal Spending on Presidential Elections (with Andrew Reeves). 2012. American Political Science Review. 106: 348-66.  Supplemental Information

How Citizens Respond to Combat Casualties: The Differential Impact of Local Casualties on Support for the War in Afghanistan (with Francis Shen). 2012. Public Opinion Quarterly. 76: 761-770 Supplemental Information

Limited War and American Political Engagement (with Francis Shen). 2009. Journal of Politics. 71: 1514-1529.  Supplemental Information

The Variance of Presidential Approval (with Liam Schwartz). 2009. British Journal of Political Science. 39: 609-631.

Divided Government and Congressional Investigations (with Liam Schwartz). 2008. Legislative Studies Quarterly. 33: 295-321.

Dynamics of Vice Presidential Selection (with Mark Hiller). 2008. Presidential Studies Quarterly. 38: 401-421.

Iraq Casualties and the 2006 Senate Elections (with Francis Shen). 2007. Legislative Studies Quarterly. 32: 507-530.

World War II and the Variance of Presidential Approval. 2006. Public Opinion Quarterly. 70: 23-47.