The Particularistic President challenges the notion that presidents are sole stewards of the national interest and provide an important counterbalance to the parochial impulses of members of Congress. Through an examination of a diverse range of policies from disaster declarations, to base closings, to the allocation of federal spending, we show that presidents, like members of Congress, are particularistic. Presidents routinely pursue policies that allocate federal resources in a way that disproportionately benefits their more narrow partisan and electoral constituencies. Concentrating greater power in the executive branch will not necessarily produce better policy outcomes; rather, executive branch politics generate their own form of political inequality.
After the Rubicon challenges the conventional wisdom of congressional irrelevance in military affairs by illuminating the diverse ways in which legislators have influenced the conduct of military affairs from the end of Reconstruction to the present day. Even in politically sensitive wartime environments, individual members of Congress frequently propose legislation, hold investigative hearings, and engage in national policy debates in the public sphere. These actions influence the president’s strategic decisions as he weighs the political costs of pursuing his preferred military course. Marshaling a wealth of quantitative and historical evidence, the book reveals the full extent to which Congress materially shapes the initiation, scope, and duration of major military actions.
The Casualty Gap shows how the most important cost of American military campaigns–the loss of human life–has been paid disproportionately by poorer and less-educated communities since the 1950s. Drawing on a rich array of evidence, including National Archives data on the hometowns of more than 400,000 American soldiers killed in World War II, Korea, Vietnam, and Iraq, this book is the most ambitious inquiry to date into the distribution of American wartime casualties across the nation, the forces causing such inequalities to emerge, and their consequences for politics and democratic governance.
Self-Interest, Partisanship, and the Conditional Influence of War Taxation on Support for War in the United States (with Breanna Lechase and Rosella Cappella Zielinski). Forthcoming. Conflict Management and Peace Science. 76: 521-534. Supplemental Information Replication Data
Conscription, Inequality, and Partisan Support for War (with Francis Shen). Forthcoming. Journal of Conflict Resolution. Supplemental Information Replication Data
Presidential Particularism and Divide-the-Dollar Politics (with Andrew Reeves). 2015. American Political Science Review. Supplemental Information
Responding to War on Capitol Hill: Battlefield Casualties, Congressional Response, and Public Support for the War in Iraq (with Francis Shen). 2014. American Journal of Political Science. 58: 157-174. Supplemental Information
Investigating the President: Committee Probes and Presidential Approval, 1953-2006 (with Eric Schickler). 2014. Journal of Politics. 76: 521-534. Supplemental Information Replication Data
Reassessing American Casualty Sensitivity: The Mediating Influence of Inequality (with Francis Shen). 2014. Journal of Conflict Resolution. 58: 1174-1201. Supplemental Information Replication Data
Obama's Authorization Paradox: Syria and Congress' Continued Relevance in Military Affairs. 2014. Presidential Studies Quarterly. 44: 309-327.
Responsive Partisanship: Public Support for the Clinton and Obama Health Care Plans (with Andrew Reeves). 2014. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law. 39: 717-749.
The Influence of Federal Spending on Presidential Elections (with Andrew Reeves). 2012. American Political Science Review. 106: 348-66. Supplemental Information
How Citizens Respond to Combat Casualties: The Differential Impact of Local Casualties on Support for the War in Afghanistan (with Francis Shen). 2012. Public Opinion Quarterly. 76: 761-770. Supplemental Information
The Variance of Presidential Approval (with Liam Schwartz). 2009. British Journal of Political Science. 39: 609-631.
Divided Government and Congressional Investigations (with Liam Schwartz). 2008. Legislative Studies Quarterly. 33: 295-321.
Dynamics of Vice Presidential Selection (with Mark Hiller). 2008. Presidential Studies Quarterly. 38: 401-421.
Iraq Casualties and the 2006 Senate Elections (with Francis Shen). 2007. Legislative Studies Quarterly. 32: 507-530.
World War II and the Variance of Presidential Approval. 2006. Public Opinion Quarterly. 70: 23-47.