challenges the conventional wisdom of congressional irrelevance in
military affairs by illuminating the diverse ways in which
legislators have influenced the conduct of military affairs from the
end of Reconstruction to the present day. Even in politically
sensitive wartime environments, individual members of Congress
frequently propose legislation, hold investigative hearings, and
engage in national policy debates in the public sphere. These
actions influence the president’s strategic decisions as he weighs
the political costs of pursuing his preferred military course.
Marshaling a wealth of quantitative and historical evidence, the
book reveals the full extent to which Congress materially shapes the
initiation, scope, and duration of major military actions.
The Casualty Gap
shows how the most important cost of American military campaigns–the
loss of human life–has been paid disproportionately by poorer and
less-educated communities since the 1950s. Drawing on a rich array
of evidence, including National Archives data on the hometowns of
more than 400,000 American soldiers killed in World War II, Korea,
Vietnam, and Iraq, this book is the most ambitious inquiry to date
into the distribution of American wartime casualties across the
nation, the forces causing such inequalities to emerge, and their
consequences for politics and democratic governance.
Investigating the President:
Committee Probes and Presidential Approval, 1953-2006 (with Eric
Schickler). Journal of Politics. Forthcoming.
War on Capitol Hill: Battlefield Casualties, Congressional Response, and
Public Support for the War in Iraq (with Francis Shen). American
Journal of Political Science. Forthcoming.
Reassessing American Casualty Sensitivity: The Mediating Influence of
Inequality (with Francis Shen). Journal of Conflict Resolution.
How Citizens Respond to Combat Casualties: The
Differential Impact of Local Casualties on Support for the War in
(with Francis Shen). Public Opinion Quarterly.
The Influence of Federal Spending on Presidential
Elections (with Andrew Reeves). American Political Science
Review. 106: 348-66. Supplemental
Limited War and American Political Engagement
(with Francis Shen).
The Variance of Presidential Approval
(with Liam Schwartz).
Journal of Political Science.
Dynamics of Vice Presidential Selection
(with Mark Hiller).
Presidential Studies Quarterly.
Divided Government and Congressional
Investigations (with Liam Schwartz). Legislative Studies
Quarterly. 33: 295-321.
Iraq Casualties and the 2006 Senate Elections
(with Francis Shen). Legislative Studies Quarterly. 32: 507-530.
World War II and the Variance of Presidential
Public Opinion Quarterly. 70: 23-47.